As more than one of today’s speakers said, a good talk starts with bragging, moves on through philosophical meandering and ends with something interesting. All elements of today’s GovBlogCamp – with an emphasis on the interesting.

Organised by GDS (credit to the team, it all went really smoothly – great venue in Bermondsey) this was the first time members of the government blogging community had been brought together to share ideas and ask questions. And that community is bigger than people think “92 blogs with over 7 million visitors”.

First sessions contained a healthy dose of nostalgia, led by Giles Turnbull  of GDS, who illustrated his blogging credentials with screenshots from blog platforms of long ago. Anyone remember blogger? I  love his sentiments “blog, as though there are no rules…… because there ARE no rules” and “the web belongs to everyone, so make your bit of it reflect you”. Also the thought provoking “contradiction is OK, it shows an organisation can adapt and change. He ended with some reasons to blog, which included: thinking out loud, documentin the dull stuff, and talking to your future self. He also name checked Janet Hughes’ excellent post on boldness.

Next up was Neil Williams, head of the GOV.UK team at GDS, who is no.1 ambassador for civil servants and blogging. He described how his team are all encouraged to contribute, post about what they are working on, share learning and challenges – its a way they talk to each other, and how stakeholders talk to them. He too injected a dose of nostalgia – first by reminding us of his own credentials to speak about blogging – as the civil servant who set up the first ministerial blog.

Neil with the first ministerial blog: David Miliband at the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister

Neil with the first ministerial blog: David Miliband at the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister

He moved on to show a slide which gathered some of the early pioneers of blogging in government – I’m honoured to share a screen with people who I have enjoyed reading and learned lots from.

Neil with some of the early government bloggers

Neil with some of the early government bloggers

His “reasons to blog” include that it saves you time, helps you think (‘rubber ducking‘ is a new term to me, but I recognise exactly what it means), helps build confidence and make you bolder (2nd ref to Janet’s post), and helps you do what matters. Top tips: keep it varied, talk – don’t (just) announce, embrace individuality, and lower the barrier to entry.

Next session was led by Louise Duffy of GDS, who described how she handles planning and shared some of the things that can derail even the best laid plans. These include long sign-off chains (familiar to many in the room!).

Pete Wilson of InnovateUK shared lessons from their first year of running a blog. Lots of familiar experiences:

  • Blogs are ravenous – consistency is more important than frequency, and the importance of engaging with authors
  • Process is not a dirty word – running a blog with lots of authors needs co-ordination, someone has to own it
  • Don’t underestimate the importance of images
  • Not everyone is a Hemmingway – convincing people who are used to writing academic papers or business cases about the different style needed for writing a blog post takes effort, he talked about the value of good headlines, and constructing a good story
  • Comments – see photo below
Pete Wilson with his comment categories

Pete Wilson with his comment categories

A series of sessions advertised as clinics – which turned into roundtable Q&A, was followed by Sam Spindlow from Public Health England, who asked some questions which challenged current assumptions. Lots to think about including:

  • the growth in some of the major platforms such as LinkedIn, Facebook, and Google offering quick access to content
  • established wisdom around non-duplication of content (although I’ve always thought that if the mantra of placing your content where your audience already is, is true, then you will always need to place it in more than one channel – unless your audience is very small!)
  • thoughts about the statement “don’t build on a rented lot” – eg don’t put a lot of effort into something that may not exist the next day, or change the rules so your material is no longer findable.

I think a lot of people will be looking into Facebook instants! And I’d be interested to talk to anyone with experience of Medium as a blog platform – especially to share content among a specific community.

Penultimate session was led by the double act of Kirsty Edwards and Andrew Rees from the Intellectual Property Office. Introduced as “a department who doesn’t write like government” they shared some of their skill in breathing life into seemingly dry content. Part of their skill is I think in building a community of people who actually want to share stories about things they are passionate about. I’ll be reading Girl with a Curl, Discover the Force and many more on their site. They shared lots of tips on how best to exploit opportunities, including scheduling posts to match popular topics (although advised steering clear of dead celebrities!).

And final speaker was Stuart Heritage – aka Man with a Pram. Neil managed to capture his list of reasons not to blog, which followed closely on his assertion that most of the good things in his life had come to pass because of blogging…… There were lots of wry references to live blogging the Eurovision song contest (get the strong impression its not top of his list of fun things). To follow the model of a good talk described at the start of this post, he ended with some useful stuff around finding time, finding inspiration and finding your voice (in order – routine, audience, and practise).

And as with all good workshops, besides what was actually said, I’ve got tons of scribbled notes on tangents and thoughts that speakers sparked off – lots of good ideas and lots to follow up.

 

Extremely busy weekend: looking at all the wonderful and diverse things going on in libraries across the country, gathering examples of where colleagues and members of the Libraries Taskforce are visiting, and doing my own library tour!

You’d think after spending all week immersed in library news I might like to take a break at the weekend (you know, watch some rugby, go out for a lazy lunch? – its OK, managed to fit that in too!) but National Libraries day is an opportunity too good to miss. I checked the website  and discovered no particular events planned for my home area, but Kent Libraries were offering activities, so we started the day by heading over to Snodland library.

Snodland

Snodland library

Snodland library

Their library is in the High Street, and besides library services there is also a space for the local borough council to offer surgeries. There was a book sale so I couldn’t resist 5 books for a pound. [note to self…. supposed to borrow books from the library, not fill up the house], but more importantly, there were also people reading, choosing and borrowing books, and a family in the children’s section having storytime. I did their “so you think you know libraries” quiz and was duly awarded my certificate.

Completed quiz and certificate

Completed quiz and certificate

Over the 20 years I’ve lived in the Medway towns, I’ve visited many of the libraries, but not all, so this year National Libraries Day was a good excuse to plan a route to fill in all my gaps.

Grain

Grain library

Grain library

While we’ve had many walks around Northwood Hills and Cliffe, we’d never ventured right to the northeastern edge of the peninsular, and Grain village is a long way from the rest of the Medway Towns. The library is in a former Bethel Congregational chapel (built 1893) and is also billed as a community and learning centre.

On a grey damp Saturday morning, behind that blue door was an explosion of colour and sound. The regular Saturday morning kids club was in full swing and every corner of the library had children making posters, colouring, playing with lego or on the computers. A couple of brave adults also brought back and chose new books.

Me, and a book, in Grian library

Me, and a book, in Grain library

Rainham

Rainham library

Rainham library

I must have driven past this library many times, but never stopped to visit. The building opened in 1961 and lots of the features are classic 60s: curved concrete entrance porch, coloured mock granite tiles, wooden shelving and crittall windows. Inside, the walls are painted vivid deep pink, and many of the shelves are dark wood, but the high ceiling and huge windows means the overall impression is of light and space.

Inside Rainham library

Inside Rainham library

There is a mezzanine floor, with comfy looking sofas – apparently popular with the many reading groups and U3A groups who meet in the library. Just as in Snodland, there was a family having storytime in the colourful childrens section, and adult readers were scattered among the armchairs. One patron was using the free wifi to carry out some research (on a table behind me, surrounded by files and papers).

Wigmore

Not far from Rainham, in another part of the Medway towns I’ve never visited before, is Wigmore library. Not an attractive looking building on the outside, but with its own carpark and woods behind, its one I’ll go back to. Inside the library lobby has a display of pictures by local artists, and the childrens section has lots of creative displays on the walls (including 2 exotic looking owls).

Inside Wigmore library

Inside Wigmore library

Like Rainham, this library also has an upper section, but here it houses the computer section, while the main space has lots of mobile bookshelves and a table with a pile of jigsaw pieces……. if I didn’t have other libraries to see, I might have been there til closing!

Thomas Aveling school and community library

Inside Thomas Aveling library

Inside Thomas Aveling library

Final destination was a library I’ve been intrigued about for a while. Thomas Aveling library is on the site of Thomas Aveling school. During school hours it is the school library – with space for classroom activities, plus a coffee bar. From the end of school time, it becomes a public library – although staff said from 3-4.30 it is often still filled with  students doing their homework and using the computers. Later and on Saturdays it is available to local residents.

The last port of call completed my visits to Medway libraries and its great to look over the full set of photos and recognise how different they are. From a 19th century chapel to a refurbishment only opened last year; partnerships with council services, adult education, and a school; 16 spaces with very different atmospheres and sense of place. And as I can take out books from, and return to, any of them, think we should make more effort to break away from force of habit (just popping into Rochester or using the ebooks option), and visit more of them, more often.

As part of my current job I monitor media stories about libraries – both at home and overseas.

While the stories from England tend to be dominated by cuts and closures, there are some interesting stories coming out of Canada at the moment. The journalists are clear that this is despite challenging economic times, and point to some initiatives which definitely bear closer investigation.

Recent stories include Calgary, where fees have been removed (people used to pay $12 per year) and membership has risen. This is not put down just to the free cards, but also to outreach programmes and incentives.

Calgary library memberships rise during tough economic times and Calgary Public Library sees 33% increase in new card holders in 2015

Residents in Halifax have been enjoying a wonderful new library – with double the number of predicted visitors. Interesting to note, visits to branch libraries have also been increasing – so the star newcomer hasn’t sucked in all visitors, but has perhaps inspired people to check out their local library too.

New Halifax library draws 1.9 million visitors in first year

One idea that caught my attention apparently started off as a project by a designer for his library-loving girlfriend. He made her a passport, which included an entry for each of the 100 libraries in Toronto – figuring that while people can find out the location, opening times etc online, people also like something they can hold in their hand. He drew each library, and included facts and things to look out for. This booklet caught the attention of friends and he has produced more – turning it into a sort of treasure hunt with clues to find that mean participants need to go into each library to find answers, and get a stamp. Fun – I’d love to see one of those for London, Birmingham, or any region with a number of libraries!

Passport for Toronto

Reading about this reminded me of other things I’ve read recently about encouraging others to visit libraries and record their activities. How gamification might work for libraries – fuel for another blog.

Another story from Toronto reminded me of a project I heard about about in Warwickshire, where a book loan machine has been put in a busy hospital. The rationale being that people often find themselves in a place for longer than expected – and might need something to read. They can return the books to their local library when they get home. Librarians in Toronto followed this train of thought and have put a kiosk into a busy commuter station.

Why Toronto Public library is creating its first book lending kiosk.html

A story from Vancouver talks about the support libraries offer to people newly arrived in Canada: Not just for books talks about language classes, business advice and job search workshops. Not a million miles from the statement put out by Society of Chief Librarians on how libraries here are ideally placed to support refugees Library leaders confirm the welcome offered to refugees and asylum-seekers from public libraries (did anyone see this picked up in the mainstream news?)

Finally, another article started off talking about Halifax, saying “Halifax Central Library, with its cafés, auditorium space and video-gaming section, challenges every traditional notion of what these public spaces should be.” It goes on to talk about other Canadian libraries, including plans for redevelopment of the central library in Ottawa, and concludes: “As for the future of libraries, Tierney [Board Chair in Ottawa] says the institutions are at risk of going the way of video rental shops if they don’t continue to embrace new ideas: “If we don’t adapt, you’re going to turn into a Blockbuster where the service you’re offering doesn’t work anymore.

Peace, quiet and the occasional flashmob: how libraries and patrons are evolving

I’ve also seen encouraging stories from Scandinavia, and Malta. I think besides analysing the CIPFA statistics (currently each presentation I’ve seen raises more questions than answers) and looking at including wider sources of evidence about the people and place, we should also be looking overseas both for comparison and evidence.

Yesterday I took part in a library crawl – a walk around all of Lambeth’s libraries as they were transformed for the day into Fun Palaces. I wasn’t alone – I walked with the author Stella Duffy, who is one quarter of the team behind the whole Fun Palaces extravaganza (over 140 places this weekend, in England Scotland, New Zealand, Australia and New York). Her notes about the walk (much more poetic than mine…..) are what inspired the title of this – my attempt to transform my notes into something that reflects the sights, sounds, colours, smells and experiences packed into 8 hours.

Entrance to Carnegie Library

Entrance to Carnegie Library

Our starting point was the beautiful Carnegie Library by Ruskin Park in Herne Hill. I arrived as people were just setting up, and could see already the Fun Palace theme being brought to life: Everyone’s an artist, Everyone’s a scientist – bringing together all  the diverse groups that make up a community. A football club next to an aromatherapist next to a pasta maker, kickboxing in one corner, a 10 metre cartoon being created in another – and all against a backdrop of books and noise.

Four of us set off towards Minet – walking through lovely parks and quiet, house-lined streets. The Fun Palace was buzzing: cup painting, urban-myth writing, 3D printer in action*, plus the most intricate and gorgeous pop up books I’ve ever seen (and an artist helping children to create their own).

*inspiration for my favourite line from Stella’s record of the day: “A 3-d printer that printed more libraries because libraries are where stories live and stories are what people breathe”

The Little Mermaid - intricate pop-up book

The Little Mermaid – intricate pop-up book

Next stop Durning – and on the way we were joined by another walker. This library is the perfect venue for a Fun Palace – decorated with gargoyles and gothic arches, we sang songs of crocodiles and were joined by former MP Michael English and author Sarah Waters.

Durning Library

Durning Library

No time to linger, we headed to Waterloo. No more leafy sidestreets, this was deep into the heart of built up Lambeth – busy streets and modern ugliness. Waterloo library was a haven of colour. We arrived before the Fun Palace crowds, and helped scatter golden stars ready for the space scientist to do her thing.

Waterloo library - calm before the Fun Palace

Waterloo library – calm before the Fun Palace

Walked along the Thames – past 2 other Palaces (Westminster and Lambeth) – no fun in evidence, maybe one day? Then we reached the second library funded by a victorian philanthropist – but this one made his money from sugar, not steel. Henry Tate gave his name to the Tate Gallery, and Tate South Lambeth Library.

Inside Tate South Lambeth Library

Inside Tate South Lambeth Library

Inside was a riot of colour, noise and smells. Lots of delicious food – including a tray of fried chicken and some wonderful portugese cake. I saw people with plates of indian food, and was invited to try african coffee. There were people playing chess, and indian head massage offered in another corner.

Next stop Clapham Library. From the front, a wall of glass, and no hint that inside is the first spiral library I’ve ever seen.

Clapham Library

Clapham Library

We saw zine making, balloon hats, chinese writing and heard about the intriguing serendipity strategy.

Falling behind schedule – 4 more Palaces to find before the end of the trail, and next stop was Brixton Library. The second Tate funded, and probably the noisiest and most colourful Fun Palace. Missed the group collecting Brixton memories and the lion hunters, but saw guitar lessons, jewellery made from natural ingredients, and skeleton body paint.

Hand painting

Hand painting at Brixton Library

Onwards to Streatham – the Fun Palace taking place in a community room alongside the library (yet another Tate-funded).  I saw a preserved sliver of human brain tissue through a microscope, heard storytelling, watched a huge group learning woolcraft and another making crazy animals out of vegetables. Then went exploring the library, and found their garden. Cicero would like Streatham.

Quote on the wall of Streatham Library

Quote on the wall of Streatham Library

Penultimate stop, and cutting it fine with our timing, we arrived in West Norwood to find science had combined with art to create architecture: a geodesic dome (plus enthusiastic children who modelled their masks and robots.).

Dome and robot

Geodesic dome and robot in West Norwood Library

(photo credit Toby Litt: twitter.com/tobylitt/status/650339157064159232 )

Final call, 10 minutes before closing, was Upper Norwood Library. The last group of children testing out their paper planes, but we heard tales of serious games (Dungeons and dragons), clay models and dancing.

Upper Norwood Library

Last Fun Palace of the day: Stella and I at Upper Norwood Library

(Photo credit: saveUNlibrary/status/650349316675141633 )

Feet aching, head buzzing, I was hugely grateful for a lift back to the station – and love the ‘completing the loop’ sight of the sign at Herne Hill station: to the Carnegie Library

Carnegie Library sign

Carnegie Library sign

Haven’t posted here for far too long – and despite best intentions (I’ve even managed to publish a post or two on the DFID corporate platform) there never seems to be time.

But, I have news, and this seems a good place to describe my plans. After 20 years at DFID (yes, 20, seems hard to believe….) after running a library, creating an intranet, learning html and building a website, building a team, replanning after a team was split, rebuilding a team, creating a website using a content management system, migrating a website onto another platform, initiating and participating in numerous experiments with new and exciting toys tools now collectively known under the banner of social media, writing a strategy, trying to implement that strategy, working with some fantastically creative and innovative and fun-to-be-with colleagues, and many many more things (sometimes badged with e-something, or webby, or online, or nowadays digital) I’m finally ready for a change.

And to follow the earworm song titles theme I started with, I’m going back to my roots…..

I’m going to work on communications for the Taskforce for Libraries: the body created to implement the recommendations made in the Independent Library Report for England . While I’ve still got some work to do for DFID, I did spend one day last week attending the Taskforce’s 3rd meeting – and it was inspiring and fascinating to hear the huge amount of commitment and enthusiasm of people round that table, encouraging to recognise their ambition and slightly daunting to think about the amount that is to be done.

I aim to make the time to blog more about my experiences (my whole role is about communications, and I don’t have to fake a passion for libraries, so it really shouldn’t be that hard!). I’ve already met some wonderful people and heard lots of stories about the diverse things going on in public libraries. Anyone I’ve talked to about the role has positive things to share and recognises we are potentially at a crucial time where there is so much opportunity to get things right, to learn from the excellent good practice happening around the country. Yet also it is impossible to ignore the scale of the challenge. You don’t have to look very hard to find stories of library closures, of the implications of relying on volunteers to run a service, of decaying buildings. Libraries are places people feel passionate about, they evoke an emotional response, and I look forward to working with people who want to build on that emotion and nurture a new breed of libraries which are truly at the heart of communities – as I heard earlier this week, are used and valued by their communities, and are seen by decision makers and budget holders as “a resource, not a cost”.

There are masses of things to do to handover my old role, and plan for the new – but one of the profiles I’m most looking forward to changing is my twitter bio. No longer will there need to be a split between the job description and the second half where it said “outside of work, like owls, castles and libraries…….”

Can’t wait to get started.

I confess I have wondered just what niche Instagram fills in the social media ecosystem, so I was very interested to listen to John TassPa who came to talk to us yesterday.

His enthusiasm was infectious – he outlined the evolution of the photo sharing app and shared some fascinating examples of how public sector organisations are using it.  Instagram’s aim is to enable people to “capture and share moments” and it was fueled by the wish to be able to capture and share immediately – the possibility of which was made real by the near ubiquity of smartphones.

Some key facts and milestones: over 200 million people use the app worldwide. It started off as something for iPhone users, but an android app was launched in 2012. Facebook acquired it in 2012. The audience is primarily young (or at least young at heart as John added!)

Some of the channels key values are Community first, Simplicity matters, and inspire Creativity. It was clear how these aims are delivered from the examples talked about. When instagram first launched they made a huge effort to contact photographers and offer them the opportunity to showcase their work. Thus it didn’t start as an echoing empty place, but was already filled with the sort of content they hoped others could create and add. The app itself is apparently very simple to use (I’ll have to get back to you on that….. although I did notice a twitter exchange  from @billt that raised a question that didn’t sound so simple!) and the creativity element is enhanced by the availability of a range of filters which photographers can apply to their images to lift them out of the mass of ordinary snapshots.

On to the examples – unsurprisingly, the channel has been used by tourism bodies who want to expose great images of the regions they are responsible for – the Australian Tourism body pit out a call to people to use a specific hashtag. They then contact the photographers and curate their content in a gallery. Canada copied this, as did Israel and Iceland. The US department of the interior did similar – although their specific action was to encourage their own park rangers to contribute images. The US coastguard shares control of their main channel with different regional stations, so viewers can get a sense of activity all around the States. And a final US example – and one I’ll definitely take a look at – Boston Public Library – an account to explore!

Boston Public Library on instagram

Boston Public Library on instagram

Instagram is encouraging organisations to be creative in other ways. One technique is to identify photographers on the channel who already have a number of followers, and inviting them to take part in specific events to generate new content. Examples of this include a Canadian Regional tourism board who invited a group of instagrammers from around the world on a visit to their state and curated the content they produced. A current example closer to home is the team managing the NATO summit taking place in Wales. They invited a 17 year old instagrammer to become part of the official press pack and cover the summit. Besides getting a range of different photographs, they have also gained a lot of free positive publicity for this.

NATO wales on instagram

NATO wales on instagram

My own Department DFID also scored an instagram “first” with a campaign it ran around the recent Girl Summit in London. Instagrammers were invited to upload short videos in which they described what freedom meant to them (using the hashtag #freedomis) and the team created a short video of the best clips. Again, lots of good publicity and interest in the process – plus a wide variety of actual submissions.

Girl Summit instagram video

Girl Summit instagram video

The session was wrapped up with some examples of public figures who are using instagram to show their more human side. One comment about the best accounts – its what they see, not about seeing them. People including the italian tourism minister Dario Franceschini, and the Mayor of Los Angeles.

Bottom line – instagram is an overwhelmingly positive channel – favourite of the smartphone owner who just wants to flick through lots of colourful, eyecatching content. The words/captions attached are almost incidental, and its actually quite hard, if not impossible to search for content if you are not a member of the community. I can now understand though how it is helping brands to build on trends, and to raise awareness of a topic or theme.

In conclusion, while I’m not planning to completely change my photo taking and sharing habits overnight, the talk proved again to me the mantra that you need to participate in a channel to really understand how it works. I still have lots of questions, so I may well set up an account.

Following a tweet from @lelil about the Carnegie Library Lab project in Scotland I was encouraged to go public about my own research.
For several years now I’ve been trying to track down and record all the libraries built in England and Wales with funding from Andrew Carnegie, in particular recording their current status.

My connection with these buildings started when I was a child in Kendal, where I remember the stairs to the children’s library on the first floor of the imposing red stone library on the high street.

Entrance to Kendal Carnegie Library

Entrance to Kendal Carnegie Library

Collecting postcards of libraries has also given a boost to my research, although dealers seldom have a separate section for libraries, which means hours are spent flicking through their geographic collections. Makes it even more valuable when you find something!

Having Carnegie as a focus has led to some interesting days out and detours while on holiday, from visiting parts of London I’m unfamiliar with, or collecting 8 in one long weekend in Yorkshire. I always photograph the buildings (click on the tag “carnegie” to filter just the Carnegie buildings) and go inside if they are open. Talking to the library staff has often gleaned useful nuggets of information about the history and boosted my collection by many leaflets, photocopies of newspaper clippings and even books.

I once tried to use the power of social media to track down information about libraries and their current status, and was contacted by a handful of librarians who filled in the gaps about some of the libraries on my list.
I also contacted the team behind volume 3 of the Cambridge University Press book: A History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland and while they generously shared their background data, I unfortunately misplaced the CDs when I moved house…… Sure they will turn up when I finally unpack all my boxes…….

Holidays have often meant stumbling across tiny parts of the Carnegie legacy in unexpected places: Barbados (now unfortunately closed as the stone building is in a poor condition) where I researched my grandad’s landing after being torpedoed during ww2; Dominica where the beautiful wooden building has wide verandas on all sides to catch the breeze, and was bustling and crowded on the morning of our visit, Rheims in Frances, where the stone built library is an Art Deco gem, and Mauritius, where the taxi driver said I was the first tourist ever to ask him to take them to the Carnegie library in Curepipe.

I read Carnegie Libraries across America – a public legacy, by Theodore Jones which gave me a list of the many thousands built there, and have been updating that status list too. I’ve also found websites about the legacy in numerous individual states, plus Canada, a book following a photo exhibition in Ireland, and thorough website listing those in Scotland, but nothing traced which collates the legacy in England and Wales bar a 1970s dissertation (which even being by an alumni of my own college and held by cilip I haven’t been able to see (to their credit, both organisations would have let me visit and consult……but unfortunately that has meant time I haven’t yet had spare)).

Hence my own research, which currently sits on my own computer in various folders and documents. The next challenge is to work out a way of sharing this information. Besides publishing my own photos on flickr, I’ve also published some on the Waymarking site, but that template does demand a wealth of information about the location, which I don’t always know. Neither of these options are suitable for postcards, especially those which may still be in copyright. I looked at wikipedia, where there are the bare bones of information, but it would take more wiki-expertise than I posses to turn that list into the sort of resource I have in mind. I attempted a database, but various glitches have meant so far it has not been entirely successful.
So, now I’ve heard about the Scotland project, perhaps there is someone out there I can pool resources with?

My favourite Carnegie? Those that are still open and in use, perhaps with sympathetic alterations or extensions to make the building suitable for modern use.
Also like those that have been put to another use, as museums, art galleries or even just as offices.
Saddest are to see those that are boarded up and falling into disrepair, becoming even more familiar with the current round of cuts and closures. Even more important to document and record them while still standing.
Finally any of the research projects, whether books or websites, are important to remember those which have been demolished. Before they fade from memory, I think it is important to document the legacy of a man who in his time was richer than Bill Gates, but determined to give away all his fortune.

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